Illustration above by Andre Brouillet of "Une Leçon clinique à la Salpêtrière"
French neurologist and professor of anatomical pathology, Charcot is credited as the founder of modern neurology. He is best known for his work in multiple sclerosis, specifically identifying the three signs of multiple sclerosis known as Charcot’s triad. He, along with Pierre Marie and Howard Henry Tooth were the first to describe Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease. His research between 1868-1881 were landmark studies toward better understanding Parkinson’s disease. One of Charcot’s greatest legacies as a clinician is his contribution to the development of a systematic neurological exam.