Hieronymus Fabricius (1537-1619)
Italian anatomist and embryologist popularly known in medical science as "The Father of Embryology." After receiving a Doctor of Medicine degree, Fabricius became a professor of surgery and anatomy at the University of Padua. In 1594, he revolutionized the teaching of anatomy when he designed a public theatre for anatomical dissections. Additionally, Fabricius contributed much to the field of surgery specifically tracheotomies even though he actually never performed one. He favored using a vertical incision and was the first to introduce a tracheotomy tube, similar to procedures that are used today.