Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (1859-1930)
Scottish physician and writer, most noted for his stories about the detective Sherlock Holmes. Doyle began writing when he was studying medicine at the University of Edinburgh. He was employed as surgeon on the ship SS Mayumba during a voyage to the West African coast. His doctorate was on the subject of tabes dorsalis. He later studied ophthalmology and set up a practice in London.